In this time, is a text describing how in that epoch how Palenque was newly allied with Tikal, and with Yaxchilan, and that they were able to capture the six enemy kings of an alliance. Not much more has been translated from the text. The basic message seems to be the revenge taken by Pakal for the Kan( Calakmul) defeat, in keeping with scribal rhetoric whereby a “humiliating encounter” is admitted to in the context of a subsequent glorious victory.
Pakal the Great
But in this case, the revenge came a full sixty years later, when Pakal captured a large number of prisoners. It can be assumed that Calakmul and it’s allies had attacked one of the Allies or Palenque itself (or they attacked Calakmul we just aren’t sure how it happened-but it did).
Calakmul on the attack
But the road built between the three city-states proved invaluable and the allies were able to unite their forces.
Their warriors engaged in battle
The king of Yaxchilan then went up on a mountain-top to signal for help. When the ancient astronauts/gods arrived -their enemies fled in terror:
The King of Yaxchilan summoning help
The armies of Calakmul and their allies were completely defeated with a great loss of life, because once the ancient astronauts showed up it was a complete terror-stricken rout of their forces. Pakal was able to deliver a “humiliating defeat,” according to the records, “on Calakmul and captured many prisoners.” The six kings captured may have been sacrificed as was the Mayan custom when capturing enemy kings unless they could be trusted to switch allegiance. But it should be noted that the king of Calakmul was captured among them and he was sacrificed.
Enemies being put to death
Six days after the captures detailed on the Hieroglyphic Stairway, the Temple of the Inscriptions tablets record that the ruler of Santa Elena “arrived” at Palenque, evidently as a prisoner. Thus Santa Elena appears to have been restored to Palenque’s control, as it had been under Ajen Yohl Mat. The East Court of the Palace, has an impressive ceremonial space marked by military triumph, was demarcated on the west by House C (dedicated in 661), on the south by House B (also from around 661), and on the east by House A (from after 668). The base of House A, on the east side of the court, was arrayed with megalithic sculptures of prisoners, the central ones bearing capture dates of the prisoners in 662 AD.
After that the ancient astronauts/gods came and visited his city-state. They allowed Pakal to worship them and asked him where was the secluded area that he had promised them. This was the payment for their help. Pakal pointed out the North Group with it‘s plaza saying, “You can land your war birds there and use those buildings. I will post guards so my people will stay out.” The ancient astronaut he met then gave him a special device and told him, “If you need help use this and we will come.” They were only a stone’s throw away.
The North group
Pakal the Great was not bothered by Calakmul again. Many of his people must have seen and remembered his activities with the ancient astronauts and that gave him a special place with them as a god.
The Hieroglyphic Stairway asserts a restoration of Palenque’s power in the region. But it was undermined considerably by subsequent events; within two years, Piedras Negras appears to have conquered Santa Elena, and Calakmul engineered the re-accession of the Moral-Reform king under the auspices of Yuknoom Ch’een.
After 663 AD Pakal must have started to build the Temple of the Inscriptions, intending it as a monument to himself.
Construction of Temple of Inscriptions
The completion of its texts and the final architectural touches would be left to his son and successor, K’inich Kan Bahlam. In 683 AD Pakal the Great died and the Temple of Inscriptions was completed after his death:
The Temple of Inscriptions
Because his father lived so long and built such an impressive monument to himself (the Temple of the Inscriptions and its tomb), K’inich Kan Bahlam did not accede until he was forty-eight years old and had a hard act to follow architecturally—but he more than rose to the challenge. That he first completed his father’s funerary temple which is clear from the fact that his accession is referred to at the end of the lengthy text of its three hieroglyphic tablets. He also commissioned the sculptures on the building’s piers with stucco figures holding in their arms the infant manifestation of the god K’awiil.
Palenque after the time of Pakal’s death
The meaning of Pakal’s sarcophagus lid on his tomb has been theorized about quite a bit. Of course one could use his imagination and say the lid resembled the Mercury Spacecraft as one author does:
Looking at the sarcophagus lid it looks nothing like a spacecraft when turned on its side:
The astronaut is hardly in the same position as Pakal is on the sarcophagus lid. On the other hand using our imagination it could also be an illustration of Pakal the Great riding a motorcycle:
Pakal the Great on a motorcycle
But the sarcophagus lid on his tomb was not a depiction of Pakal the Great in a spacecraft or on a motorcycle. The sarcophagus lid is made to stand up as indicated below. It was a depiction of him arising to be with the ancient astronauts who his people considered gods. To them he a was god too since he had contact with them:
The much-discussed iconography of the sarcophagus lid depicts Pakal in the guise of one of the manifestations of the Maya Maize God emerging from the maws of the underworld.